The characteristics of the $9.3 million "Moses-Andrews" plan were as follows:
Approximately 35 million cubic yards of sand fill was to have been pumped onto Fire Island. The sand fill was to form a continuous embankment 14.5 feet high from Fire Island Inlet to the Shinnecock Coast Guard station. The sand fill was to be level for a width of approximately 80 feet, and then slope away at the rate of 1:30. Additional sand was to be used to fill in the unstable Moriches Inlet and Shinnecock Inlet, both of which were created during a 1931 storm and widened during the 1938 hurricane.
A new intracoastal boat channel 200 feet wide and 15 feet deep was to be dredged through Great South Bay, Moriches Bay and Shinnecock Bay. The sand that was dredged in this operation was to be used for shoring up Fire Island.
A two-lane, 22-foot-wide concrete parkway, flanked by nine-foot-wide turf shoulders, was to be constructed atop the level portion of the sand fill. The undivided parkway, which was to allow one travel lane in each direction, was to have full control of access at interchanges. Both the concrete pavement and turf shoulders were designed to control erosion.
New parkway spurs and bascule lift bridges were to be constructed to the Long Island mainland along the present-day William Floyd Parkway (Suffolk CR 46) and Ponquogue Avenue (Suffolk CR 32). Both spurs were to terminate at Montauk Highway (NY 27A-Suffolk CR 80).
New state parks were to be developed at Point O'Woods, Smith Point and Quogue, and the existing Fire Island (Robert Moses) State Park was to be reconstructed.
The route of the proposed Ocean Parkway Extension lay directly in the route of a number of Fire Island communities accessible only by ferry. Its construction would have meant the condemnation of hundreds of homes, most occupied by summer residents, with the rest maintained by year-round residents. Fears of lower property valuation and the loss of isolation on Fire Island, as well as concerns over the high cost of the proposed project, prompted the Suffolk County Board of Supervisors to vote seven to three against the Moses plan. Instead, county officials approved a less ambitious $1.5 million plan to preserve the Fire Island dunes.
MOSES' SECOND PARKWAY ATTEMPT: In 1962, a 15-member temporary state commission approved a $102 million package to protect the 137-mile Atlantic shoreline from Staten Island to Montauk. Once again, the centerpiece of this package was the proposed extension of the Ocean Parkway. However, this proposal truncated the length of the parkway to 25 miles, with the eastern terminus at Smith Point County Park. The eastern seven miles of Fire Island to Moriches Inlet was to be set aside for a natural reserve.
To mitigate community concerns, Moses planned for controlled access to Fire Island points. However, to make way for the parkway, some 2,200 homes in a dozen communities, most of them occupied by summer residents, were to have been either moved or torn down. As in past battles, Moses was made the object of contempt.
In light of the behavior of the protestors at the first public hearing in July 1962, The Bay Shore Sentinel-Journal wrote the following editorial in favor of Moses:
Mr. Moses is a fairly thick-skinned individual; otherwise he would not have accomplished the things that one day, collectively, will be a monument to his years in public service. A public official doing his job in the interests of all, and who is convinced he is doing the right thing - in this case a parkway-topped sand dune along 25 miles of Fire Island Beach - is bound to come under criticism…
The beach road issue is controversial. Tempers were bound to flare. But it was not a time to engage in personalities. (Moses) walked out and it was good to note that the commission on which he sat was not intimidated by the ill-mannered attendance gloating over the invective heaped upon him by a speaker who compared him to Hitler. The part-time beach dwellers hurt their cause. They proved themselves to be motivated by selfish interest…
A generation ago, when the Ocean Parkway from Jones Beach to Captree was projected, there also was controversy. Then, Moses dealt with public lands. The road was built. It probably saved Oak Beach, Cedar Beach, Gilgo Beach and Jones Beach from breaking up. Today, Moses is dealing with beachland under private ownership. This accounts for the passion engendered, but it doesn't change the overall objective: protection and preservation of the beach and of the mainland, for with the beach removed, the South Shore would be subject to assault by the sea…
In the end, the people who heaped invective upon him will come to realize that they aren't being dealt short.
Over the next two years, however, these residents received public support from politicians and environmentalists. Together, they formed an alliance to save the dunes, beach grass and the rare Sunken Forest. In 1964, Congressman Otis Pike (D-Suffolk County) introduced legislation to create the Fire Island National Seashore. This designation, combined with recently enacted legislation severely restricting highway construction through parkland, effectively killed the Ocean Parkway Extension.
John A. Black, professor of biology at Suffolk County Community College, opposed the conventional wisdom that the parkway would cause environmental damage. In the following 1988 excerpt, he argued that the Ocean Parkway helped preserve Jones Beach, and that construction of the Ocean Parkway Extension would have gone a long way to save Fire Island and Westhampton Beach:
Robert Moses, instead of building an ordinary road lined with all kinds of objectionable shacks and signs, planned to build a parkway with very infrequent access. Limited access proved to be the major reason that the dunes and bayside salt marshes along Jones Beach have been preserved, and that random development has not occurred. One need only compare the aesthetic drive along this barrier beach to the one along the Rockaways, Long Beach or Westhampton Beach to see the protection afforded by a limited access parkway. Even along road-less Fire Island, the unrestricted use of off-the-road vehicles has wrought greater havoc to the dunes and beach, and has opened this island to more random development than the millions of autos that traverse the Ocean Parkway on Jones Beach.
The extension of the Ocean Parkway was opposed, initially in the 1930's on economic grounds and then, in the 1960's, by the environmental movement. Had Moses been successful, a limited access parkway would have prevented the over-development, mismanagement and virtual destruction of Westhampton Beach. It also would have prevented the random development on all of Fire Island, and the destruction of the dunes on the eastern portion of that island due to the unregulated use of off-the-road vehicles at Smith Point County Park.
You can find the "roadways to nowhere" to what would have been Ocean Parkway Extension at the U-turn after Field 5 at Robert Moses State Park. These "roadways to nowhere" are also found at the western end of Fire Island Beach Road (Suffolk CR 75) at Smith Point County Park.